Environmental, Town-planning Knowledge, and Political Decisions in Italy from the Second Half of the Nineteenth Century to the Present Time.
The research aims to analyze the relationship between experts and politics in contemporary Italy. The project adopts a periodization divided into three phases. The first (1870-1942) was characterized by the ability of technocracies to transfer into the Italian public debate cosmopolitan instances and to translate them into concrete achievements thanks to effective lobbying action. The second (1950-1980) was characterized by the progressive loss of influence of the experts. The third (from 1980 to the present time) has differentiated itself from the other because, despite the deepening crisis of the relationship between experts and politics, technocratic achievements have been implemented thanks to the role of supranational institutions, especially the European Union.